a. PARTIAL-TREE splits the list ELTS into three parts: the median item THIS-ENTRY, the list of items less than the median, and the list of items greater than the median. It creates a binary tree whose root node is THIS-ENTRY, whose left subtree is the PARTIAL-TREE of the smaller elements, and whose right subtree is the PARTIAL-TREE of the larger elements.
5 / \ 1 9 \ / \ 3 7 11
b. At each step, PARTIAL-TREE splits a list of length n into two lists of approximate length n ÷ 2. The work done to split the list is (QUOTIENT (- N 1) 2) and (- N (+ LEFT-SIZE 1)), both of which take constant time. The work to combine the results is (MAKE-TREE THIS-ENTRY LEFT-TREE RIGHT-TREE), and is also constant. Therefore, the time to make the partial tree of a list of n elements is:
T(n) = 2T(n ÷ 2) + Θ(1)
By the Master Theorem, we have a = 2, b = 2, and f(n) = Θ(1). Therefore, T(n) = Θ(n).
The time taken by LIST->TREE for a list of length n will be the time taken by PARTIAL-TREE plus the time taken by LENGTH for that list. Both procedures have order of growth Θ(n), so the order of growth of LIST->TREE is Θ(n).
<< Previous exercise (2.63) | Index | Next exercise (2.65) >>